Challenges To Internal Security Of India By Ashok Kumar Free Download PATCHED
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Challenges To Internal Security Of India By Ashok Kumar Free Download
when people are disconnected from the economy, they also lose access to the security provided by the government. there are several programmes in india that provide individuals with a basic level of protection against criminals, but after an individual has done the prescribed processes, there is no longer a guarantee that they are not a target for any criminals. the struggle of an individual seeking to stay out of harms way against the criminals is a fight against inequality.
in addition to this, there are several other security threats to individuals that also result in the rise of inequality. the risks are not only becoming more of an issue in low-income neighbourhoods, but also occurring in middle and upper-income circles. the recent incident that occurred in mumbai proves this point.
the recent rise in violent crimes and the high rates of rape, murder, and rapes that have occurred in india show that the problems that exist in urban india are not only occurring in low-income neighbourhoods.
from the perspective of comparative politics, the regional political economy of china and india defines the contours of an evolving global political economy. the chapter illustrates how the evolution of the international division of labour and the changing patterns of international production have reshaped the contemporary political economy of india and china and, more broadly, the global political economy.
kumar argues that a structural interplay between state-led development models, rising globalisation and the changing international division of labour has refigured the regional political economy of both india and china. he proposes that the global division of labour is a transformative development in itself, with clear implications for both national and global politics. in contrast to other studies, however, his analysis focuses on the political economy of china and india and pays less attention to other developing countries. kumar thus argues that internationalisation of production has reshaped the political economy of both countries. in india, he claims, competition for investment flows, public investment, and supply-side reforms has created an increasingly unequal political economy. in china, he argues, the political economy of the state’s large and growing role in production and employment was the original source of political-economic inequalities and it remains a primary source of inequality in global terms. drawing on research by the mckinsey global institute, he also argues that the technological and structural innovations required to sustain international productivity increases for decades to come will, as a consequence, exacerbate the economic and political inequality between countries and thus create a global political economy with winners and losers.
the manner in which worker exploitation takes place can vary widely between different countries, regions, and firms. its form is bound up with context-specific forms of labor markets and local employment relations. we’ll return to these below. however, one common element of exploitation across low- and middle-income countries is the tendency for employers to exert significant control over workers in the workplace. a detailed look at this control can be found in chapter 5.
dr. ashok kumar is an ips officer of the state of uttarakhand in india. with a phd in economics, having conducted research in the fields of labour economics and development economics, he has been one of the prime movers behind several unique projects in the state of uttarakhand, in which he has used the various administrative mechanisms of the government to help poor people who find themselves struggling due to socio-economic factors that play an integral role in indian society. his recent work on monopsony capitalism: power and production in the twilight of the sweatshop age, currently available from his website https://www.authordavekumar.com/
as the internet has become mainstream, more and more people in india have become connected to the global economy. this has caused an increase in income disparities throughout the country. some people who participate in the digital economy stand to gain tremendously, while others who do not participate are left with less access to jobs and opportunities. these changes in the economy of the digital age have led to a rise in criminal activity.